i3N integrates top facilities as required by high level research groups having as objective to be in forefront edge of research, technological development and innovation in the demanded areas of advanced micro/nano materials, nanotechnologies and nanosciences, and being responsible for boosting all known industry/applied research. This involves the use of high powerful computing tools; sophisticated labs for characterization and processing activities, such as clean rooms; use of  ophisticated equipment’s, in some cases highly expensive, such as SEM/FIB or ultra high vacuum units to process materials and devices; use of raw materials, special gases and components, among others. All this requires running funds, not only to maintain the existing facilities, but also to purchase the consumables and to pay the assistance to match existing tools for a specific process or characterization required along an experience or project. To this, we must add also some seed money for the development of novel ideas, as well as to participate on missions.

For the large infrastructures, the required running funds are substantially larger, such as the funds required to maintain the existing 400 m2 clean room facility, for the purpose of supporting research in the fields of microelectronics, electronic materials, nanotechnology, microfluidics, bioengineering, and devices and integrated circuits, requiring a low density particle environment.

i3N Caparica | Biomaterials Laboratory


Description: This lab is divided into three main areas. It has a common area equipped with a freeze dryer equipment, a furnace, an oven and general use equipment for sample preparation. It is equipped with a magnetic hyperthermia equipment intended to study the generated heat from magnetic nanoparticles. The third area of this lab is dedicated to fiber production composed with two electrospinning and one force-spinning set-up. This lab is also equipped with an Encapsulation unit to produce small polymer beads in a controllable manner.


For more information, here.


i3N Caparica | Characterization Laboratory

characterization lab

Description: The characterization lab is equipped with several equipments such as XRD, FTIR, Raman Microscopy, DSC-TG, UV-Vis_NIR spectrometer, luminescence spectrometer, spectroscopic ellipsometer, microplate reader and sun simulater.


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i3N Caparica | Chemical Laboratory


Description: The chemical lab is equipped with 3 microwaves synthesizers for performing a wide range of inorganic oxides nanoparticles such as ZnO, TiO2, IrO2 and Er2O3. 
This lab has also 3 spin coaters to develop thin films used to produce different types of devices. In order to prepare the samples surfaces, the chemical lab is equipped with a UV ozone system integrated with an ozone elimination system.
The lab is equipped with all facilities for the synthesis and development of colloidal suspensions and nanoparticles generated in aqueous suspension.


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i3N Caparica | Clean Room Laboratory

clean room lab

Description: The lab is equipped with a wide range of physical and chemical vapor deposition tools to fabricate a variety of thin film materials, such as metals, (transparent) conductors and semiconductors and insulators, with nm-thickness control. Most systems can accommodate up to 6” wafers. Tools include 5 sputtering, 2 plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), 4 evaporation and 1 CVD (parylene coater) systems. A rapid thermal processing (RTP) tool is also available for post-deposition treatments of thin films. A plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) system with a glovebox for substrate loading/unloading in controlled environment will be installed in July 2019.


For more information, here.

i3N Caparica | Electrical Characterization Laboratory


Description: This lab is equipped with multiple manual probe stations and semiconductor parameter analyzers for I-V, C-V, pulsed-IV and time-dependent measurements (e.g. bias stress), from cryogenic temperatures to 300 °C. It also includes potentiostats for electrochemical studies, hall-effect systems and cryogenic chambers with electrometers for analysis of carrier transport in materials. The laboratory is also fully equipped to analyze dielectric materials and sensors, with lock-in amplifiers, spectroscopic impedance analyzers and an RLC bridge. Several oscilloscopes, power supplies, wave generators and high-power LEDs with several wavelengths are available for customizable measurement setups. Finally, in a separated area of the lab a last-generation X-ray and Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS/UPS) tool is installed for chemical and electronic characterization of materials.


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i3N Caparica | FunPaper Laboratory


Description:This lab has three distinct areas. The first one is equipped with one chemical lab with a working station and lab equipment for manipulation of different materials and ink development, it also has a screen stencil printer, fully automated for mass-manufacturing of printed devices, two office printers, adapted for different inks and devices, a centrifuge and a extruder. The second area is a yellow zone, for handling of UV-sensitive materials and inks. The third area is a production area, dedicated to paper electronics technology, for the production of low cost flexible devices, using different deposition methods, such as a flexoprinter, two piezoelectric inkjet printers, a multicoater with interchangeable heads (dip coating, spray coating, electrospinning and inkjet printing), a spray pyrolisis equipment for large-area manufacturing of devices, two different shear casting equipments, with heated and magnetic beds, a viscometer for measuring ink viscosities, a sonicator, with two interchangeable tips, for suspensions, particle dispersion, homogenization, etc. and a table-top vacuum packaging machine.


Fore more information, here.

i3N Caparica | Liquid crystalline networks and liquid crystals Laboratory


Description: The liquid crystalline networks and liquid crystals laboratory is a multidisciplinary laboratory dedicated to research and development of bioinspired products, concepts and ideas. This laboratory has three distinct areas dedicated to the synthesis of liquid crystals and liquid crystal polymers mainly derived from cellulose derivatives, its processing to obtained films, networks and meshes and its optical and mechanical characterization. 
In the synthesis area our laboratory is equipped with the appropriated glassware and small equipment as mantles, magnetic and mechanical stirrers, centrifuges, and also enables the synthesis of nanoparticles. To process the liquid crystalline material the laboratory is equipped with an electrospinning system, an automatic film applicator a spin coater and several ovens and furnaces. In the third area the laboratory has the means to characterize the produced materials by mechanical testing (1 to 10 cm scale samples), polarized optical microscopy and wettability measurements.


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i3N Caparica | Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory


Description: The NMR lab is a multidisciplinary lab that allow synthesis and characterization of soft materials. This lab has two main distinct areas, one for chemical synthesis and materials prepara-tion and another for characterization. The chemical area is equipped with typical appa-ratus such as a hotte, rotovapor, heating plates, glove box, oven, and all the necessary lab ware. The characterization area is equipped with a Bruker 300 MHz Solid State NMR spectrometer with an AVANCE III console, allowing the NMR characterization of solids and solutions using techniques such as Diffusion, rheo-NMR or Magnetic Res-onance Imaging (MRI). It is also equipped with a Langmuir–Blodgett apparatus that allows the production of highly organized thin film (typically monolayers) coatings of nanoparticles as well as the measurement of parameters such as concentration-dependence of surface tension. Another equipment available is an optical bench that allows to characterize the interaction of materials with a laser beam, namely by perform-ing electro-optical measurements. The lab is also equipped with a double beam UV-Vis spectrophotometer allowing the measurements of transmissions and absorbance of sam-ples as well as UV-Vis spectrometry.


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i3N Caparica | Nanofabrication Laboratory


Description: This laboratory is equipped with a Scanning Electron Microscopy Focused Ion Beam (SEM-FIB) workstation, Atomic Force microscopy unit, confocal microscope and a tabletop microscope. It has also a contact angle instrument for automated video contact angle metrology and drop shape analysis, 2 profilometers that measure roughness and step height, optical microscope and optical stereo microscope.


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i3N Caparica | Nanophotonics and Energy Laboratory

Description: The lab 2.20 in CEMOP is a dark room assigned to opto-electronic measurements, mainly dedicated to the characterization of photovoltaic devices. 
The lab is equipped with three solar simulators and two spectral response (i.e. quantum efficiency) systems, as well as installed air extraction, air conditioning and compressed air flow.


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i3N Caparica | Processing Laboratory


Description: This lab is dedicated to the processing of ceramic materials, glasses, metals and composites. This lab has distinct areas. It contains several electrical furnaces  that are used in the production of metal and in different heat treatments. It contains mixing equipment, hydraulic pressing machines and several electrical furnaces (kilns and tubular furnaces up to a temperature of 1500ºC) that are used in the sintering of the ceramic powders, preparation of glasses by melting and in different heat treatments. It is equipped with one 3D printer for the development of prototypes and to support the ongoing projects.

For more information, here.

i3N Caparica | Rheometry Laboratory


Rheometry Lab (Cenimat) Description: In this laboratory the flow behavior (in the linear and non-linear viscoelastic regimes) of different kind of fluids, polymeric (and biopolymeric) solutions and molten polymers and biopolymers, ceramic pastes, hydraulic lime grouts, bitumen, foods and cosmetics, etc., may be characterized.


Rheometry Lab (DCM) Description: In this laboratory the flow behavior (in the linear and non-linear viscoelastic regimes) of different kind of fluids, polymeric (and biopolymeric) solutions and molten polymers and biopolymers, ceramic pastes, hydraulic lime grouts, bitumen, foods and cosmetics, etc., may be characterized.


For more information, here.

i3N Caparica | Structural, Microscopic and Compositional Analysis Laboratory


Description: This lab is dedicated to the structural and compositional characterization of materials.
This lab has three distinct areas: X-ray diffraction area, SEM/EDS area and X-ray fluorescence area.


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i3N Caparica | Surface Analysis Laboratory


Description: Photoelectron spectroscopy is a surface analysis tool for chemical and electronic characterization of materials. Its distinguishing feature is the possibility to measure chemical states. The information depth is 1-9 nm. The technique relies on the photoelectric effect. The photoexcitation energies typically range from ~20 eV (UPS) to ~1.5 keV (XPS). The photoelectrons are filtered regarding their kinetic energy by the analyser and counted by the detector. The lower the kinetic energy of the photoelectron, the more tightly it was bound to the nucleus, so the higher is its binding energy. Besides chemical information, also electrostatic potentials at surfaces and interfaces can be studied.

Equipments: X-ray and Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS/UPS) Kratos Axis Supra 

For more information, here.

i3N Caparica | Thermal, Mechanical, Thermomechanical and Granulometric Analysis Laboratory


Description: This lab is dedicated to the Thermal, mechanical, thermomechanical and gragulometric characterization of materials.
The existing facilities are specific for powder technology and for processing of ceramic materials and glasses. It contains milling equipment and it also has a variety of characterization facilities such as a gas pycnometer for density measurement, particle size distribution analyzer by laser diffraction and thermal analysis equipment (DTA, TG, TMA and a dilatometer) that can be operated up to 1500ºC.


For more information, here.

i3N Caparica | Thin film Laboratory


Description: The thin film lab is a multidisciplinary lab that allow the development of new concepts and ideas.
This lab has three distinct areas. It is equipped with one chemical lab with a microwave synthesizer equipment to produce nanoparticles of different materials, a production area with two laser systems to cut, engrave and process different type of polymeric materials, several ovens and furnaces, a sputtering system and a thermal evaporator system to develop thin films. The third area is dedicated to lab-on-paper technology for the production of low cost biosensors and digital microfluidics and as also two 3D printer for the development of prototypes and to support the ongoing projects.


For more information, here.

i3N Aveiro | Carbon based materials and laser processing


Description: Laser Floating Zone (LFZ), microwave plasma CVD and thermal CVD.
Laser Processing – This lab is equipped with six lasers (continuous and pulsed, CO2 and Nd:YAG) that allow the growth of single crystals, highly textured polycrystalline materials, amorphous materials and nanoparticles. Also, it is possible to chemically and structurally modify surfaces in a wide range of materials, from metals to insulators, at micro- and nano scales.
Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) – This lab is equipped with two reactors (microwave plasma CVD and thermal CVD) dedicated to the growth of carbon-based materials, namely diamond (micro and nanocrystalline), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene and the integration of these different carbon allotropes as hybrid materials.

For more information, here.

i3N Aveiro | Clean Room Facility


Description: The facility comprises 3 clean rooms, 2 ISO6 (class 1000) with 50 m² and 1 ISO7 (class 10 000)  80 m² and an access hall ISO7 with 60 m².
One of the ISO6 rooms is equipped with laser lithography system with optical alignment and assessment and a spin-coating and dip-coating systems.   

i3N Aveiro | Electrical and Magnetical Characterization Lab



Description: EPR, VSM, DC conductivity measurement system, impedance spectroscopy measurement system, TSDC and TSPC measurement system. Electrical measurements  (10-1500K, 0-6 GHz)

The Bruker EleXsys E500 electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometer functions in two frequency bands, X (~9-10 GHz) and Q (~35 GHz), and is equipped with a computerized goniometer and two continuous flow cryostates working with N2 and He and thus covering the temperature range from 3.7 to 600 K. The maximum magnetic field amounts to 15 kG. Besides EPR, the spectrometer allows measurements of the ferromagnetic resonance. The ARS closed cycle helium cryostate permits electrical and magnetoelectric measurements in the temperature range from 10 to 450 K.

CFC- Cryogen Free Cryomagnet (Cryogenic), system with VSM Facility (Vibrating Sample Magnetometer) and AC Susceptibility. The system includes an oven (up to 700K) for the VSM. Magnetic field – 10 tesla; Sample temperature range – 1.6 K to 300K (700K for the VSM system, with the furnace). 

- VSM - Sensitivity of 10-6 emu; sample size 5mm; sample movement 10mm peak to peak; operating frequency – 20.4 Hz; measurement range 1.6 to 300 K. 
- AC susceptibility – 0.1<f<20 kHz;  maximum ac field 100 Gauss at 10 Hz; sensitivity at 1 Khz– 10-8 emu at 4 K; maximum sample size 5mm diameter.


i3N Aveiro | Materials and devices for energy Lab


Description: Solar simulators, I-V and C-V of photovoltaic cells, Radiometric Platform, Organic Photovoltaics.

The materials and devices for energy lab has installed the required facilities for the preparation and basic characterization of fully operational thin film and organic solar cells based either in inorganic semiconductors such as chalcopyrites and kesterites or organic semiconductors.

For the materials preparation and processing, the lab has at its disposal a range of techniques such as RF- and DC-magnetron sputtering, e-beam evaporation, thermal evaporation incorporated into a glove box, rapid thermal processing furnace, tubular furnaces, high-power lasers, etc.

For the materials characterization the lab contains solar simulators, I-V and C-V measurement systems of photovoltaic cells, radiometric platform. 

i3N Aveiro | Modeling and simulation Lab


Description: The high performance computing lab at the University of Aveiro consists of two clusters: 

- ARGUS - with 1160 physical cores and 6.0 TB RAM and. The argus cluster is connected by FDR56 Infiniband and has an Rpeak performance of 54 Tflop/s;

- BLAFIS - with 584 physical cores and 1.9 TB RAM. blafis cluster is connected by DDR Infiniband and has an Rpeak performance of 5 TFlop/s.      


i3N Aveiro | Morphological and Structural Charaterization Lab


Description: SEM/EDX, AFM, SNOM, Raman.

SEM/EDX - The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) equipment relies on a TESCAN Vega 3 instrument. It is based on a thermal emission source (W filament), allowing beam energies within  the 200 eV to 30 keV range.

It provides a 5 axis sample stage control (X,Y,Z, rotational, tilt), EDX analysis with 133 eV resolution (Bruker Nano X-Flash Detector 410-M) and ready-to-use Electron Beam Induced Current (EBIC) capability.

AFM/SNOM - Multiview 1000 Nanonics

a) Modes of Operation

Atomic Force Microscopy: Contact, Non-contact, intermittent contact.
Near-field Optical Microscopy: Transmission, reflection, collection, fluorescence.
Atomic Force Microscopy: Contact, Non-contact, intermittent contact.
Confocal Microscopy: Transmission, reflection, fluorescence.

b) Scanner: Piezo electric flat scanner (thickness 7 mm). Scan Range:70 µm Z-range, 70 µm XY-range (30 and 10 µm on request). Maximum Load: 75 g.

Step Size: < 1 nm for 70 µm scanner. Maximum Sample Size :16 mm diameter, custom mounts for larger samples can be provided.

c) Viewing/Detection Optics : Free optical access to the sample from top and bottom for optical observation of the sample (all conventional far-field modes of operation are available) and for detection of the NSOM signals with any optical microscope (upright, inverted, dual) or other optics.

d) Detectors and Lasers: Photomultiplier Tube (PMT), Avalanche Photodiode Detector (APD), InGaAs Detector for IR, CCD. A large variety of laser systems can be used (VIS, IR).

Near-field Microscopy optical resolution: From 50 nm upwards, depending on the aperture size of the NSOM probe used.

i3N Aveiro | NOLab


Description: Optical and electro-optical characterization of materials, quantum emission yield, colour coordinates, No Lab fs Laser radiance and luminance, Laser printing of Bragg gratings in optical fibers for sensors. 
The Nanophotonics and Optoelectronics Laboratory is located at Aveiro University and its activities are mainly focused on optical modeling and simulation and on the development and application of advanced micro- and nano- optical fiber sensors in several fields, namely chemical, structural health monitoring and eHealth.
The existing infrastructure laboratory include a fs laser facility (1.0kHz repetition rate; 1.0mJ energy per pulse; vertical/horizontal polarization; 795nm ± (10 nm center wavelength; 22 ± 5ºC environment temperature) and a radiometric platform for measurements and analysis of optical performance as function of temperature.

i3N Aveiro | Optical Spectroscopy Lab


Description: FTIR, absorption/transmission (VUV, UV, VIS, IR), photoluminescence (PL), PL excitation (PLE), time resolved PL (TRPL), lifetimes, excitation density/energy/temperature (4.5 – 900 K) dependent PL, electroluminescence (EL), photoconductivity (PC), Raman (laser lines: 325, 442, 532, 633 nm; polarization analysis; temperature LN2-600 C; imaging).

i3N Aveiro | QSALab


Description: The quality control and food safety laboratory is located at Madeira University and its activities are strongly focused on the development and application of novel advanced purpose-designed optical fiber sensors that can improve the quality control processes in food and beverages industries. 
The existing infrastructure laboratory include a 10 x 200 L pilot scale unit; a HPLC with DAD, FD and RID; a GCMS with automatic HS- SPME; a LC-MS/MS; Spectrometer UV/Vis; Spectrometer NIR/MIR and a 7L Bioreactor.                                                                                                     

i3N Aveiro | Radiation detection, Medical Physics and Biophysics Lab


Description: The Lab is fully equipped with ionization radiation sources, radiation detectors and medical imaging systems and all the needed equipment for detector development.

Radiation sources including a Radioisotope Laboratory and X-ray facility with 4 X-ray generators (60 kV/60 mA and a 50 kV/1 mA with continues operation; 30 kV solid state generator and; a dentistry generator with 70 kV). 

Computed tomography (CT), Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and X-ray  fluorescence imaging systems.
High and ultra-high vacuum systems, filling gas systems, flow mass controls and mass spectrometer. 
NIM and VME electronic modules, amplifiers, high-voltage power supplies, logic, digitizers and multichannel analysers.
High performance digital oscilloscopes (e.g. 3.5 GHz, 2.5 GHz, 12 bits), picoammeters, pulse generators.


i3N Aveiro | Synthesis, Growth and Processing of Materials Lab


Description: DC and RF sputtering, e-beam deposition, thermal evaporation, spin-coating, spray-pyrolysis, sintering (furnace, sol-gel, combustion, microwave).